A literal translation from French – where this word comes from and the genre itself – means an essay or sample.
A distinctive feature of student work is a clear plan and thoughtful structure. The essay, in turn, reflects the point of view of the author and does not imply accuracy and structure, therefore, almost all students write an essay is difficult.
If you need to write an essay, we will give a few recommendations on how to do it competently and quickly. 5 rules that you need to follow if you want to write a decent job.
Rule number 1: an interesting and familiar topic
The topic of the essay should be interesting and, last but not least, familiar. After all, it is hardly possible to express one’s point of view on a subject about which you have no idea. When choosing a topic with a teacher, it is better to initially choose what the soul is about.
Rule number 2: the author’s statement
You need to feel the depth of your thoughts and write only what you feel, without any templates, hints and looking at the works of other authors.
In the essay, constructions are very often used: “in my humble opinion”, “I think” and others.
If you are writing a work on humanitarian subjects, you will have to spend time reading the book (at least “diagonally”) or read reviews of this book in order to understand what is being said.
Rule number 3: journalistic style of presentation
For the transmission of personal perception of the world, the author of the essay can give examples, draw parallels, select analogies, use various associations. An essay will win if there are unexpected turns of thought and unpredictable conclusions. That is where the scope for the development of creativity, logical and figurative thinking!
Rule number 4: conciseness
Based on the fact that the essay refers to the free genres, no limit on the volume is not put. But teachers can set the top bar for workloads of up to 4-7 pages.
Rule number 5: compliance with the structure
Before you start writing an essay, you need to consider its structure and content.
The prologue should be brief, but expressive, and also contain a central metaphorical image. The last sentence of the introduction and the first sentence of the main part should be organically linked. The essence of communication: an explanation of the validity of metaphor.
The essay should contain the voiced ending. In this case, it does not matter at all whether the end is an affirmation of something, a question or finally incomplete reflections. A good conclusion is aphorisms or quotes.
of the essay is to develop such skills as independent creative thinking and a
written statement of one’s own thoughts. Writing an essay is extremely useful
because it allows the author to learn how to clearly and competently formulate
thoughts, structure information, use basic concepts, highlight cause-effect
relationships, illustrate the experience with relevant examples, to argue their
conclusions. The most relevant topic for a young specialist essay is the topic
“I and my career.” The topic of the essay is given in order to make
it easy for the commission (employer) to evaluate the features of your
thinking, creativity, enthusiasm, and potential. The best way to achieve this
result is to write directly and frankly, remaining honest to yourself. If you
are not honest, there is every chance that your essay will be considered
The process of writing an essay can be divided into several stages: thinking – planning – writing – checking – correcting.
To write a good essay, we advise you to adhere to the following action plan:
consider the topic, comprehend the problem and write a plan (simple and detailed);
logically line up the text;
clearly express cause-effect relationships;
use examples, explanations;
express the chain of thought;
demonstrate the ability to use different grammar tools and choose words;
argue your own opinion;
select the type of output;
design the work correctly;
carefully check the written and make adjustments if necessary.
Writing an essay will allow you to learn how to express thoughts and track causal relationships.
of an essay: the presence of a specific topic or question. The work devoted to
the analysis of a wide range of problems, by definition, cannot be performed in
the genre of the essay.
The essay expresses individual impressions and considerations on a specific subject or issue and does not pretend to be definitive or exhaustive in its interpretation of the subject.
As a rule, an essay implies a new, subjectively colored word about something; such a work may have a philosophical, historical biographical, journalistic, literary-critical, popular science, or purely fiction character.
In the content of the essay, the author’s personality, ideology, thoughts and feelings are evaluated first of all.
There are some common features (features) of the genre that are usually listed in encyclopedias and dictionaries:
1. Small volume. Of course, there are no hard boundaries. The volume of the essay is from three to seven pages of computer text. For example, at the Harvard Business School, essays are often written on just two pages. In Russian universities, an essay of up to ten pages is allowed, however, in typewritten text.
2. A specific topic and its subjective interpretation is emphasized. The topic of the essay is always specific. An essay may not contain many topics or ideas (thoughts). It reflects only one option, one thought. And develops it. This is the answer to one question.
3. Free composition is an important feature of the essay. The researchers note that the essay is by its nature designed so that it does not tolerate any formal framework. It is often built contrary to the laws of logic, subject to arbitrary associations, and is guided by the principle “All the contrary”.
4. The ease of narration.
It is important for the author of an essay to establish a confidential style of communication with the reader; to be understood, he avoids intentionally complicated, obscure, overly strict constructions. Researchers note that a good essay can only be written by someone who is fluent in the topic, sees it from different angles and is ready to present the reader with an incomplete, but multidimensional view of the phenomenon that has become the starting point of his thoughts.
The essay is intended to surprise the reader (listener) – it is, according to many researchers, its mandatory quality. The starting point for reflection embodied in an essay is often an aphoristic, vivid statement or a paradoxical definition, which literally confronts at first glance indisputable, but mutually exclusive, statements, characteristics, and theses.
Perhaps this is one of the paradoxes of the genre. Free in composition, focused on subjectivity, the essay, however, has an internal semantic unity, i.e. consistency of key theses and statements, internal harmony of arguments and associations, consistency of those judgments in which the author’s personal position is expressed.
Orientation to colloquial speech
At the same time, it is necessary to avoid using slang, pattern phrases, abbreviation of words, and too frivolous tone in an essay. The language used in writing an essay should be taken seriously. So when writing an essay, it is important to determine (understand) its topic, determine the desired scope and goals of each paragraph. Start with the main idea or a vivid phrase. The task is to immediately capture the attention of the reader (listener). A comparative allegory is often used here, when an unexpected fact or event is associated with the main topic of the essay.